Specify the reason behind choosing your machine learning model


The type of machine learning model you choose for your problem will depend on several factors, including the size and nature of your data, the type of problem you are trying to solve, and the amount of resources you have available. This article will briefly touch on some of the most important considerations when choosing a machine learning model.

Data Preprocessing

There are various steps for Data Preprocessing which are as follows:-
-Importing the Dataset
-Splitting the Dataset into the Training set and Test set
-Feature Scaling

Data Visualization

There are many different types of machine learning models, and the one you choose will depend on your specific data and goals. In general, though, you want to choose a model that will give you the most accurate predictions. To do this, you need to understand your data and what kinds of patterns it contains. Data visualization can be a helpful tool in this process, as it can help you to see patterns that you might not be able to see otherwise.

Once you have a good understanding of your data, you can start experimenting with different models. Try out a few different ones and see how well they perform on your data. You can also use cross-validation to get a more accurate picture of how well a model will perform on new data.

Once you’ve found a model that seems to be working well, you’ll need to tune its parameters to get the best results. This is where experience comes in handy, as it can be difficult to know which parameters will have the biggest impact on performance. trial and error is often the best approach here.

After you’ve fine-tuned your model, it’s time to evaluate it on held-out data. This will give you a final estimate of how well the model will perform on unseen data. If the performance is good, then you can go ahead and deploy the model in production. If not, then you’ll need to go back to the drawing board and try something else.

Model Selection

The selection of the machine learning model is one of the most crucial parts in the development of any machine learning application. It is because the accuracy of the predictions made by the machine learning model depends on how well it has been trained using a dataset. If a model has been trained using a small dataset, then it is more likely to overfit on the training set and will not be able to generalize well on unseen data. On the other hand, if a model has been trained using a large dataset, then it is more likely to generalize better.

There are various factors that need to be considered while selecting a machine learning model. Some of these factors are:
-The nature of the problem that needs to be solved
-The size of the training dataset
-The computational resources that are available
-The time that is available for training the model

  • The accuracy that is required for the application
    Model Evaluation

In general, there are three ways to evaluate a machine learning model – fitness, overfitting and generalization.

Fitness is how well the model predicts on new, unseen data. This is the most important evaluation metric since it directly corresponds to the models’ ability to be used for its intended purpose.

Overfitting occurs when a model memorizes the training data too closely and does not generalize well to new, unseen data. This can be diagnosed by checking how the model performs on training data versus validation or test data. If there is a large discrepancy, the model is likely overfitting.

Generalization refers to how well themodel can be applied to different datasets. A model that has been trained on one dataset may not perform as well on a different dataset. This is why it’s important to split data into training, validation and test sets – so that all three aspects of model evaluation can be diagnosed.


After careful consideration, we have decided to use the XGBoost machine learning model for our project. We believe that this model will be the most accurate in predicting our labels, and it will also be able to handle the large amount of data that we have. Additionally, XGBoost has been shown to be one of the best performing machine learning models in a variety of different scenarios, so we are confident that it will work well for our purposes.

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